People get facial for different reasons: While some people want to remove those horrible blackheads, others want some help with an anti-again regimen. And, then there are the people who just want to relax and be pampered. These are all fine reasons to get facials. But often the facial itself is a bit mysterious. What does steam do? Why do they keep putting creams on and taking them off? Why get facials regularly?
A facial is essentially a multi-step skin treatment that is one of the best ways to take care of your skin. A facial cleanses, exfoliates, and nourishes the skin, promoting a clear, well-hydrated complexion and can help your skin look younger. You also receive advice on the best way to take care of your skin. A facial works best when it is part of an on-going program of skin care.
Basic Steps of a Facial
A facial should begin with a consultation. You might fill out a form with questions about your skin concerns, your diet, how much water you drink, which drugs and supplements you take, and products you are currently using. Retin-A and other drugs can affect your skin and what kind of treatments the esthetician recommends. More commonly, the esthetician will simply ask about your skin concerns and if you are using Retin-A.
Usually, the esthetician offers a wrap that goes around your body and underneath your arms, then closes with velcro. She leaves the room so you can put it on in privacy. Some people remove all their clothes before putting on the wrap, some leave their pants on, and some even leave their bra on and put the straps underneath their arms. At some spas, you are invited to take off some or all of your clothes and get between the sheets. The esthetician will let you know the protocol where you are.
Usually, the esthetician starts by wrapping your hair with a towel or headband to keep products off of it. The first step is thorough cleansing, using cotton pads, esthetician wipes or sponges. Most professional facials do a double-cleanse to remove makeup and impurities.
- Skin analysis and cleansing
Depending on whether you have makeup on, the esthetician might look at your skin under a bright lamp first, or covers your eyes and looks at your skin through a brightly lit magnifying lamp. She is determining your basic skin type (dry, oily, combination, sensitive or normal) and skin conditions (acne, blackheads, whiteheads, aging, sun-damage, dehydration, etc.). The esthetician then chooses the appropriate products and treatments and consults with you about what he or she sees and recommends
Most facials use a machine that directs a thin vapor of warm steam to your face. This is relaxing and helps softens up any blackheads and whiteheads to be extracted. If you have very sensitive skin, the esthetician may not use steam.
Exfoliating the skin uses mechanical or chemical substances. Mechanical exfoliants have a gritty texture that rubs away the surface dead skin cells. This type of exfoliation usually happens during steam. Chemical exfoliation uses enzymes and acids to loosen the bond between skin cells. A gentle enzyme treatment can be done during the steam. This is the removal of blackheads or whiteheads if you want it and need it. People have different pain tolerance for extractions. They can be uncomfortable, especially on thin or ruddy skin. Extractions can cause broken capillaries and discoloration if done improperly.
- Facial massage using classic strokes like effleurage to both relax you and stimulate your skin and facial muscles.
A mask is targeted to your skin type (dry, oily, combination, sensitive, mature) and condition. During the facial, the esthetician should stay in the room and give you a scalp massage or some other service.
- Final application
An application of toner, serums, moisturizer, and sunscreen if it’s daytime is given.
- Advice on home skin care
The esthetician will tell you how she thinks you can take better care of your skin and recommend products. Some feel uncomfortable with this step because it involves product recommendations, but it is part of the esthetician’s job.
How Often is Best to Get a Facial
It varies from person to person. Ideally, a facial monthly because that’s how long it takes the skin to regenerate. Try to have a facial at least four times a year, as the season changes. You may need it more frequently if you are trying to clear up a case of acne, especially at the beginning. Otherwise, once a month is plenty. But, you can overdo it, especially if you have sensitive skin.
Source from: https://www.tripsavvy.com/what-is-a-facial-309002
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